The Birth Of A New Born Child
After the delivery of a new born child, cord blood is collected from the umbilical cord and the placenta. The blood is usually rich in blood components (white blood cells WBC, red blood cells RBC plasma and platelets. Besides that, the cord blood contains hematopoietic stem cells that produces immune and blood cells. Cord blood banking.
Stem Cell Transplantation
Through stem cell transplantation, several diseases like leukemia, and blood diseases can be cured. Cord blood can be stored or used immediately to treat diseases. There are two ways of storing the cord blood; private banking and public banking. With public banking, cord blood is taken out of the umbilical cord and stored in a kit marked with no name. The blood is then stored in a public bank for unknown patients. No charges are required for this mode of storage. For private banking, one pays for the cord blood to be stored in the bank. The cord blood is usually for the future use of blood either by the child or family member. Visit the website.
Public Banks Versus Private Banks
American Academy of Pediatrics and other medical institutions, recommends public banks over private banks. However, if you have a family member or a child with a disease concern stem cells it’s advisable to use the private banks. Private bank is discouraged since there is no proof that transplant within family members are the most effective. Also, it’s rare for healthy people to ever need stem cell transplant. Theoretically, for a successful stem cell transplant, stem cell between the donor and receiver shouldn’t genetically match. Stem cells are considered to be Naïve in such a way that they can adapt easily and it’s difficult for them to resist the receivers immune system.
The Need For Immunological Match
However, immunological match is needed for stem cells to be transplanted. Hence it important for various donors to donate cord blood to increase the diversity of cord blood in banks. Donating cord blood to a public bank is done generously for the benefits of research purposes and for unknown patients in dire need of stem cells.
However, unlike private banks where they receive storage charges, public banks faces a huge challenge when t come to maintain them. The fees required to maintain public banks is usually high making it difficult for people to invest in its construction.
The Advantages Of Public Banks
According to research done by Journal Pediatrics, public banks offers almost all cord-blood transplants. For private cord blood banking, parents tend to pay some fees to ensure that the cord blood is stored for future use by a family member or the child. The family have the full custody of the cord-blood. However, for families that children have any disease that needs attention of stem cells, some private banks offers free programs for the storage. Otherwise, one has to pay $1200 to $2000 for collecting th blood and a maintenance fee of not below $150. However, most organizations discourages this mode of storing blood as not most of family members fall ill of stem cell related disorders. Also, according to experts, dealing with transplanting self-donated cells into the same patient, there is a high risk of replicating the same disease.